The following table lists current estimates of the number of Witches killed in various countries during the Burning Times (1300-1800). "Recorded" executions are ones for which we have trial evidence. "Estimates" are the total number of deaths scholars believe occurred in these countries. Estimates are usually much higher than recorded deaths, because scholars compensate for lost records, unrecorded deaths, lynching, etc.
This table does not include all estimates of the death toll. Older and popular books often contain higher numbers because they're not based on solid evidence. (See "The Revolution of 1977-1981" and "The Impact of the New Evidence" for more on the problems with older estimates.) I've only presented current scholarly estimates, numbers that most experts today would find believable. Most of these numbers come from trial record counts.
The structure of this table is based on an unpublished article by Dr. Ronald Hutton, called "Counting the Witch Hunt." The essay is an invaluable road-map through the maze of Witch trial statistics. Dr. Hutton generously sent me a copy, for which I am most grateful.
Sources for these figures.
2) Again, the recorded executions figure is too low. There are no counts available for Bavaria, Brandenburg-Prussia, and Saxony. Moreover, while the Witch-crazes of north-central Germany are well-studied, the small trials in this region have not been counted.
One modern historian (Anne Llewellyn Barstow, in _Witchcraze_) estimated that 50,000 German Witches died. I have not included her estimate, for two reasons:
Barstow's estimated deaths for the various regions of Germany show a total of 25,419 for the entire country. This number is based on trial evidence, and is in line with other scholarly estimates. The 50,000 figure comes from an older work and is not based on solid evidence. In fact, it contradicts the rest of Barstow's data.
3) Recorded deaths are too low. We have no counts for the Duchy of Savoy (the area which appears to have been worst hit) or for the Alpine regions after 1500.
4) Polish Witch trials are currently being counted. Dr. Ronald Hutton of Bristol University says that preliminary reports suggest the death toll will be somewhere around 1,000.
Anne Llewellyn Barstow (_Witchcraze_) states that 15,000 Polish Witches died. This figure comes from an older work: _Procesy Czarownic w Polsce w XVII:XVIII Wieku_, by Bohdan Baranowski. There is no solid evidence to support this figure, and most modern scholars reject it.
5) Again, the recorded deaths are too low. Only the French-speaking cantons (approximately one quarter of the country) have been thoroughly studied.